WHAT DOES ENERGY TRANSITION MEAN FOR THE MARITIME INDUSTRY?
In the maritime industry, the energy transition focuses mainly on moving away from fossil-based fuels and a fossil-based economy towards renewables and biofuels.
Reducing carbon emissions is the most important goal. Moving to LNG is an intermediate step; while it is a big step forward in reducing emissions it still a fossil fuel. If we want to achieve the 2050 targets, we will need to mix it with more sustainable fuels such as bio-LNGs, green hydrogen, or biofuels derived from waste. Ultimately, the aim is to arrive at 100% bio-LNG or even synthetic LNG-fuel.
Switching to bio-LNG or biodiesel does not require major ship modifications. However, switching to hydrogen, ammonia, methanol, or wind energy, will involve modifications.
A large carrier will probably never be powered solely by wind energy, but for certain types of ships this may be possible in the future, or wind energy may serve as a back-up energy supply.
We are still searching for the perfect mix, making it possible to adjust the energy source depending on energy needs and location of the vessel.